- University of Queensland
The University of Queensland
Scientia ac Labore
10 December 1909
Mr. John Story
Professor Paul Greenfield
The University of Queensland, also known as UQ, is a public university located in Brisbane, Australia. Founded in 1909, it is the oldest university in Queensland and the fifth in the nation. The main campus is located in St Lucia, southwest of the Brisbane CBD. UQ is a member of the Australia’s Group of Eight lobby group, and the Universitas 21, an international network of research-intensive universities, and is colloquially known as a “sandstone university“.
UQ is ranked among the top universities, both in Australia and the world. In 2009, the Australian Cancer Research Foundation announced that UQ had taken the lead in numerous areas of cancer research, having been awarded almost $10 million in grants over a three year period.
There are numerous collaborative research centres associated with the university. The Queensland Bioscience Precinct on the St Lucia campus houses scientists from the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), the Institute for Molecular Bioscience (IMB), the Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (AIBN) and the Queensland Brain Institute (QBI) to form one of the largest biomedical research clusters in Australia.
The University of Queensland (UQ) was established in December 10, 1909 by the Queensland Parliament to mark the 50th anniversary of Queensland’s independence from New South Wales. The University’s first classes in the Government house were held in 1911, with 83 commencing students. The development of the University was delayed byWorld War I, but after the first world war the university enrollments for education and research took flight as demand forhigher education increased in Australia. Thus, in the early 1920s the growing University had to look for a more spacious campus as its original site at George Street, Brisbane has limited room for expansion.
In 1927, Dr James O’Neil Mayne and his sister Miss Mary Emelia Mayne, provided an approximate of £
50,000 to theBrisbane City Council to acquire 274 acres of land at St Lucia and provided it to the University of Queensland as its permanent home. Lack of finance delayed development of the St Lucia campus. Hence, the construction of the University’s first building in St Lucia only began in 1938. It was later named the Forgan Smith Building, after the Premierof the day and was completed in 1939. During World War II, the Forgan Smith Building was used as a military base and it served first as advanced headquarters for the Allied Land Forces in the South West Pacific. 
In 1990, Australia reorganized its higher education system by abolishing the binary system of universities and colleges of advanced education. Under this transition, the University merged with Queensland Agricultural College, to establish the new UQ Gatton campus. 
According to The Times Higher-QS World University Rankings 2007, UQ is the only Queensland university in the top 50 (ranked 33rd along with the National University of Singapore), and one of only six Australian universities in the top 50. UQ moved to the fourth-ranked Australian university in the 2007 world rankings from the sixth-ranked Australian university in 2006. In 2009, the university was ranked 41st, after University of Melbourne (36), University of Sydney (36) and Australian National University (17).
The Shanghai Jiao Tong University’s Academic Ranking of World Universities also placed UQ among the top 10 universities in the Asia Pacific Region. UQ was also featured in a 2006 Newsweek ranking of the world’s top 100 universities.
- Academia and Research
UQ research led by Professor Ian Frazer pioneered a vaccine for cervical cancer. The vaccine Gardasil protects against an approximate 70 percent of human papillomavirus-related cervical cancers. Previously, more than 270,000 women died from the disease each year.
In 2009, UQ researchers led by Professor Scott O’Neill successfully infected aedes mosquito with a bacterium that halves the mosquitoes 30-day lifespan, thereby reducing its ability to transmit dengue fever to humans. The international research team at UQ was funded by a $10 million donation from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
The HyShot Flight Program which involves the world’s first flight tests of a scramjet using supersonic combustion was designed by UQ.
The Forgan Smith Building and the Great Court
The University of Queensland Great Court
UQ Steele Building and The Great Court.
- 7 St Lucia campus
UQ was established on 10 December 1909, with Sir William MacGregor as first chancellor (with Reginald Heber Roe as vice-chancellor) and was originally situated in Brisbane’s downtown area on George Street. In 1927, the land on which the St Lucia campus is built was resumed by the Brisbane City Council using money donated by James O’Neil Mayne and his sister Mary Emelia Mayne to replace the less spacious city campus. The city campus is now home to the Gardens Point campus of the Queensland University of Technology. Construction of the new university began at St Lucia in 1937.
The University has its main campus in the suburb of St Lucia in Brisbane. Its other campuses include Ipswich, Gatton,Herston, South Brisbane, Turbot Street and Moggill. It is situated on a peninsula of the Brisbane River. At its centre is the heritage-listed Great Court — a 2.5 hectare open area surrounded by sandstone buildings with gargoyles, figures of great academics and historic scenes, floral and faunal motifs and crests of universities and colleges from around the world. This central semi-circular quadrangle features a connected arcade so students could reach any section under cover.
The 274 acre campus(1.1 km²) also includes sporting fields, gardens, duckponds, and cycling tracks. The athletics centre features 21 floodlit tennis courts and Olympic-standard swimming pool, a three-level gymnasium and a multi-purpose indoor centre.
The university is served by a CityCat wharf, two bus stations and is also served by the Eleanor Schonell Bridge providing pedestrian and bus access across the river to Dutton Park.
2009 sees the opening of the AU$2.5 Million Advanced Concepts Teaching Space (ACTS) lecture theatre which enable students to use mobile technology to aid classroom learning.
- 8 Gatton campus
Located in Gatton, Queensland about 90 km west of Brisbane on the Warrego Highway, UQ Gatton is home to the university’s Faculty of Natural Resources, Agriculture and Veterinary Science (NRAVS). UQ Gatton, formerly the Queensland Agricultural College, was opened in 1897 as a combined agricultural college and experimental farm. The QAC amalgamated with UQ in 1990. UQ Gatton is serviced by the UQ Gatton Student Association and remains affiliated with the UQ Student Union.
UQ Gatton offers courses in agriculture, animal science, environmental management, agronomy/agribusiness, equine studies, wildlife and bushland studies and other fields relating to natural and rural environments. Its facilities include over 1000 hectares of agricultural land, animal production operations, a recently redeveloped equine centre, and facilities for wildlife studies, facilities and laboratories, and a branch of the UQ Library. Some of the original QAC buildings are still standing, such as the Foundation Building.
2010 sees the relocation of the Vet School to the UQ Gatton Campus will achieve a single-site strategy for all UQ animal production and health activities. There will be new facilities for animal science, health, welfare and production along with the combination of a relocated School of Veterinary Science, and the newly completed Centre for Advanced Animal Science.
- 9 Ipswich campus
The Ipswich campus, opened in 1999, after State and Federal government backing is the newest campus, made up of nearly 20 buildings and more than 4000 students on nearly 25ha. Courses offered include: arts, business and social sciences as well as Interaction design. In 2009, a cohort of 39 students became the pioneers to undertake medicine at the Ipswich campus.
It is located near central Ipswich, Queensland, just south of the CBD. Nearby landmarks include Limestone Park, The Workshops Railway Museum and the RAAF Base Amberley.
The site dates back to 1878 with the opening of the Ipswich branch of the Woogaroo Lunatic Asylum. Operations continued until 1910 when it became the Ipswich Hospital for the Insane. In 1938 it was renamed the Ipswich Mental Hospital and in 1964 it was renamed again as the Ipswich Special Hospital. It was finally named the Challinor Centre in 1968 in honour of Dr. Henry Challinor, the ships surgeon on the Fortitude. From 1968 to 1997 the Challinor Centre served as an institution for people with intellectual disabilities. In late 1997 the Challinor Centre began its first stage of transformation as the new UQ Ipswich campus.
- 10 Other facilities
Helicopter view of Heron IslandResearch Station
There are other research and education facilities not attached directly to the three campuses. These locations are primarily for research which cannot be undertaken in the campus locales but also represent buildings which established pre-eminence in education before the creation of the current campuses.
- Turbot Street — Turbot Street is the University’s dentistry education facility. It comprises two large buildings and one small building at the junction of Turbot and Albert Streets in the Brisbane inner city area. The older of the two larger buildings is the former Brisbane College of Dentistry which is connected via a second-storey walkway to the newer building.
- UQ Regiment Indooroopilly — A counterpart to the St Lucia Campus’s Regiment in Indooroopilly.
- Herston — Situated next to the hospital complex at Herston, UQ’s School of Medicine occupies the Mayne Medical Building. The location also accommodates UQ teaching facilities in and around the hospitals. The Queensland Institute of Medical Research also holds strong links to UQ.
- Pinjarra Aquatic Research Station — located at Pinjarra Hills, Brisbane. The Aquatic Research Station investigates aquaculture and inland ecology.
- Heron Island Research Station —  Situated on Heron Island, 72 km north-east of Gladstone. Its primary use if for coral reef ecology research and teaching. It consists of over thirty buildings situated on a two hectare lease.
- Moreton Bay Research Station and Study Centre —  located on North Stradbroke Island, Moreton Bay Research Station provides the base to research North Stradbroke Island’s many and varied ecosystems.
- Research institutes and Centres
The University of Queensland with support from the Queensland Government, the Australian Government and major donor The Atlantic Philanthropies has developed six major research institutes include:
- IMB – Institute for Molecular Bioscience
- DI – The Diamantina Institute for Cancer, Immunology and Metabolic Medicine
- AIBN – Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology
- ISSR – Institute for Social Science Research
- SMI – Sustainable Mineral Institute
- QBI – Queensland Brain Institute
Other notable institutes and notable facilities include:
Construction of NICTA’s new premises at the Australian Technology Park (ATP)
- Queensland Institute of Medical Research (QIMR), including Clive Berghofer Cancer Research Centre
- Mater Medical Research Institute (MMRI)
- Australian Army Malaria Institute
- UQCCR – University of Queensland Centre for Clinical Research
- TRI – Translational Research Institute
- Co-operative Research Centre for Enterprise Distributed Systems Technology
- NICTA – national information and communication technology research centre, co-supported by University of Queensland
- Aboriginal Environments Research Centre, within the School of Architecture.
- CIPDD – Centre for Integrated Preclinical Drug Development
- Residential colleges
Entrance of Emmanuel College
The University of Queensland has 11 residential colleges with 10 of these located on its St Lucia campus. Only three of the colleges (Union College, International House and Women’s College) have no religious affiliation. The 11 colleges are:
- Cromwell College is a co-ed college founded in 1950. It is affiliated with the Uniting Church and accommodates 190 students.
- Duchesne College is a women’s only college founded in 1937 in Toowong, moving the university in 1959. It is affiliated with the Society of the Sacred Heart and accommodates 150 students.
- Emmanuel College is a co-ed college founded in 1911. It accommodates 350 students.
- Grace College
- International House is a co-ed college founded in 1965.
- King’s College provides accommodation for 260 male students of the University.
- St John’s College is a co-ed college founded in 1911. It is administered by the Anglican Diocese of Brisbane.
- St Leo’s College
- Union College is a co-ed college established by the student union in 1961. It is the largest residential college at the University.
- Women’s College is an independent College for female students.
- Gatton Halls of Residence
- Notable alumni and staff
Main article: List of University of Queensland people
The University of Queensland has produced a number of notable alumni including a Nobel Laureate, an Oscar winner and Governor-Generals of Australia.
Quentin Bryce, Governor-General of Australia and Queensland Alumnus
Geoffrey Rush, Oscar and Academy Award Winner and Queensland Alumnus
Anna Bligh, Premier of Queensland and Queensland Alumnus
Panoramic image of Forgan Smith, Michie, Biology Library and Mayne Hall Buildings
Panoramic image of UQ Lake viewed toward the South-East
Panoramic image of UQ Lake viewed toward the South-West
Panoramic image of the playing field to the North-East of the UQ Lakes bus station, viewed toward the North
- See also
- University of Queensland Australian Football Club
- University of Queensland Rugby Club
- University of Queensland Soccer Club
- The Mayne Inheritance
- ^ “SASW Number 3 — February 2006“. The University of Queensland. February 2006. Retrieved 28 December 2008.
- ^ a b “THES — QS World University Rankings 2007 — Top 400 Universities“. Quacquarelli Symonds/THES. Retrieved 20 December 2007.
- ^ http://www.melbourneinstitute.com/publications/reports/dr_aus_uni/Paper_Rating.pdf
- ^ a b “Top 500 World Universities (102–202)“. Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Retrieved 20 December 2007.
- ^ “Queensland takes the lead on cancer research“. Australian Cancer Research Foundation. Retrieved 20 July 2009.
- ^ “Brisbane: Queensland Bioscience Precinct (Qld) (Profile — Location)“. CSIRO. Retrieved 20 December 2007.
- ^ a b c d A Place of Light & Learning : the University of Queensland’s First Seventy-five Years. 1985.
- ^ a b c d Readshaw, Grahame; Ronald Wood (1987). Looking up looking back at old Brisbane. Bowen Hills, Queensland: Booralong Publications. pp. 62. ISBN 0864390327.
- ^ The Times Higher Education Supplement
10. ^ “The Complete List: The Top 100 Global Universities“. Newsweek/MSNBC. Retrieved 20 December 2007.
11. ^ Metherell, Mark (November 9, 2006). “Promised cancer vaccine off the free list“. The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved August 8, 2009.
12. ^ VM, AFP (January 02, 2009). “Australian researchers claim breakthrough on dengue fever“. Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved August 8, 2009.
13. ^ Kingsley, Danny (August 20, 2002). “We have liftoff!“. ABC Science Online. Retrieved August 8, 2009.
14. ^ Powell, Derek (18 March 2009). “New $2.5M UQ ACTS teaching space wows students“. UQ News Online. Retrieved 4 August 2009.
15. ^ http://www.library.uq.edu.au/ipswich/uqihistory/1910.php
16. ^ http://www.library.uq.edu.au/ipswich/uqihistory/1910.php
17. ^ http://www.library.uq.edu.au/ipswich/uqihistory/1910.php
- External links
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